How deep processing of rare earth industry application collapsed?
- Time of issue:2015-04-15
How deep processing of rare earth industry application collapsed?
- Time of issue:2015-04-15
From: Company From China Enterprise Promotion Department Rare Earth Industry Association
Rare earth elements as essential strategic resources of modern industry, is widely used in the new energy, new materials, environmental protection, aerospace, electronic information and other fields. However, at present China's rare earth demand and structural contradictions between production capacity exacerbated the weakness of rare earth market. China's rare earth export policy to make major adjustments in 2015, the Commerce Department released "2015 list of goods export license management," officially canceled export quota of rare earth, rare earth export management implementation of export license, which gives the development of rare earth industry has brought new challenges.
First, the development of rare earth industry is facing difficulties
(A) does not match the rare earth production, exports and strategic resource locator. China's rare earth reserves are abundant, but low per capita resources.
According to the 2012 State Council issued "China's rare earth Conditions and Policies" 23% of the white paper, China's rare earth reserves of the world's total reserves, is the largest rare earth resources in the country. But a measure of reserves richness standard, in addition to the total reserves to better reflect the authenticity of the standard per capita resources. China's per capita amount of rare earth resources is only 1.06, less than 1/8 of the United States, only reached the world average.
China's rare earth structure is irrational, export smuggling serious. All along, about 60% of China's rare earth production substantially for export, more than 75 percent of export products of rare earth oxides and other primary products, China is the world's rare earth materials library. In China's rare earth products are exported to the Japan, the United States, the three main EU countries and regions. Influenced by multiple factors such as domestic and external demand, China's rare earth export smuggling is serious. Rare earth export quotas cancellation will further increase China's export volume of rare earth, rare earth industry management which also brought new challenges.
(B) structural surplus production capacity of rare earth industry a serious problem
Rare Earth Functional Materials commodity overcapacity. First, the primary processing of low-end products lead to overcapacity. China's production of rare earth permanent magnet processing products mainly in materials, luminescent materials, hydrogen storage materials and polishing powder in the low end, most of the domestic use of high-end materials also need to import. Second place everywhere rare earth industry park planning and construction of repeated aggravated disorderly rare earth functional materials primary products further excess production capacity. At present, China has built 19 rare earth industrial park, there are more in the planning construction. Third, the high price of rare earth rare earth prompted users to find alternative products and alternative technology, but also significantly reduced the demand for low-end rare earth functional materials.
(Iii) lack of rare earth industry chain extension
Surplus of low-end products, the lack of high-end products. Subject to the level of development of domestic and foreign patent technology, China's development in new materials, rare earth and rare earth terminal applications is clearly insufficient. Foreign markets patented technical barriers limiting the development and application of rare earth new materials, making the high-end materials production technology and foreign technology, there are some gaps. Reason for the inadequacy of rare earth deep processing of the development of China is mainly reflected in three aspects: the lack of advanced core technologies; domestic rare earth functional materials and application of rare earth products consumption is insufficient; industrial development, there are still problems.
Second, the deep processing of applications is the key to the plight of rare earth industry
(A) to accelerate the application of rare earth deep processing of resources in favor of the protection of rare earths
Rare earth industry to promote the extension of downstream applications, one can effectively change the rare earth resources companies in pursuit of profits and private dug Luancai phenomena, reduce the influence of rare earth mining and smelting and separation on human health and the environment, reduce environmental costs and help effective protection and rational utilization of rare earth resources; on the other hand, may further enhance the added value of rare earth resources, increase corporate earnings.
(Ii) accelerate the rare earth deep-processing application will help alleviate overcapacity
Promote rare earth deep-processing application, on the one hand can ease the problem of excess production capacity of rare earth elements, such as rare earth catalyst needed for the oil industry, the demand for rare earth elements lanthanum, cerium and other large and increasing rare earth catalyst used in the oil industry, can further increase the current production has a surplus of lanthanum cerium consumption, optimize the structure of rare earth consumption. On the other hand, differences in the development of downstream applications through the industry, but also effectively solve the rare earth industry park planning similar result in overcapacity situation.
(C) to accelerate the application of rare earth deep-processing and promoting industrial upgrading
Rare earth deep-processing and application of the product refers to the product on the basis of raw materials through separation or further processing of rare earth products, as well as products with unique features and components from rare earth deep-processing products manufactured formation. Rare earth deep processing industry to accelerate its applications development can further promote the extension and upgrading of the rare earth industry chain and promote the application and development of the following tour midstream material development, promote the rare earth industry chain extends to both ends of the smile curve of high value-added.
Third, to promote the recommendations of rare earth deep-processing industry applications
(A) Enhanced capacity coupled with the development of related industries
As long chain industry, rare earth materials industry is generally regarded as intermediate inputs, the size of demand depends largely on the degree of development of the downstream end-use markets. In view of this, we must do the work of the following two aspects. First, enhance the ability of rare earth industry, coupled with the development of strategic emerging industries. Second, by means of existing military technology and new materials to promote the application of rare earth in the field of defense. Increased research and development in the field of rare earth giant magnetostrictive magnetic refrigeration and other new materials, developing nuclear radiation shielding, high performance night vision and other military applications, rare earth materials play an important strategy in the field of national defense missiles, radar, nuclear reactions, etc. effect.
(B) strengthening of new materials and high-end applications in the field of technological innovation
First, enterprises and research institutes are encouraged to fast-track the introduction of foreign mature new rare earth functional materials and application technology, and strive to high-performance rare earth magnetic materials, LED fluorescent materials, petroleum cracking catalyst material and breakthrough innovation, research and development have new rare earth functional materials own intellectual property rights, and the early realization of the related art industrial floor. Second, the research and development of new applications of rare earth element rich lanthanum, cerium and yttrium, increasing affluence elements used in metallurgy, agriculture and environmental protection fields, to solve the problem of uneven application as possible. Third, increase the production of rare earth related equipment research and development efforts, break through the bottleneck of rare earth functional materials production of key technology and equipment, improve product quality.
(C) intensify policy support
Guide the development of deep processing of rare earth industry, the various departments play an active role, especially downstream applications management, policy work together to promote the comprehensive development of the industry. Rare earth deep processing of applications included encouraging the development of the directory, and the production of the corresponding products, the company offers financial support; tilt establish related research and development funds and key projects to rare earth deep-processing applications; local governments should pay attention to landing the implementation of rare earth deep processing projects; rare earths industry associations should cooperate with relevant departments to do technical feasibility studies, project assessment and policy advice, etc., to support enterprises to carry out research and development, industrialization and application of rare earth deep-processing applications.
(Iv) encourage RE enterprise groups to improve the level of vertical integration
Rare earth resources has encouraged large-scale enterprise groups of rare earth to improve the level of vertical integration, and R & D institutions and universities to actively cooperate, vigorously develop the deep processing and comprehensive utilization of technology, using its own capital and technological advantages to promote scientific and technological achievements with independent intellectual property rights industrialization. At the same time, the Group actively encourage rare earth companies extends downstream, increase cooperation with the application side of efforts to expand the application fields of rare earth downstream.
(V) improve the intellectual property system of rare earth construction
First, strengthen IP capacity-building. Evaluation system into the IP system, consider the establishment of the intellectual property system in promoting the process of consolidation and reorganization of rare earth comprehensive assessment of the risk of intellectual property rights of key enterprises. The second is to encourage and support the rare earth functional materials enterprises and research institutes, colleges and universities to cooperate. Establish R & D cooperation mechanism for high-performance rare earth functional materials and key technologies and equipment industry common technology, enhance R & D and innovation, by supporting all aspects of financial and tax incentives to encourage enterprises to break the existing rare earth core patent restrictions as soon as possible as soon as possible to master the intellectual property rights. Third is to build the rare earth industry, intellectual property public service platform to provide patent search, analysis and early warning service, master the international situation and development trend of technology, the market demand, provide a basis for intellectual property management and information services.
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